We can also understand these differences from a functional perspective, while the underlying mechanisms are still open for further investigation. While judging cuteness in peripheral vision should be less important, central vision is essential for cuteness. Conversely, cuteness was more difficult to detect in peripheral vision than in central vision, that was more pronounced in the male participants. Beauty consists of averageness and symmetry, that function as indices of one’s state of health. Oftentimes cuteness is evolutionally about caregiving behaviors. Receiving cuteness may make the receiver observe carefully and concentrate on the cute object. Japanese people tend to confuse being beautiful with being cute.
Effect of eccentricity on cuteness judgment was particularly observed in the male participants.
We could’ve argued that detecting beauty of the opposite gender quickly is advantageous in regards to mate selection, I ‘d say in case the males had performed better in beauty judgment.
Actually, the result that the males performed worse than females in cuteness judgment rejects the ‘mate selection based’ explanation that makes somewhat confused beauty with cuteness. Look, there’s no straightforward reason to assume that people are more sensitive to the cuteness of similar gender given that the female participants performed better. Further investigations are needed for these suggestions. Second, it was reported that females are more sensitive in perceiving cuteness due to female hormones. Our results suggest that females may have a wider field of view in regard to cuteness judgment even when it becomes more difficult to perceive cuteness in peripheral vision. You should take it into account. Now, this may reflect the degree of female hormones or it might be associated with the general tendency that females play a more important role in caregiving behaviors.
While it also revealed that central vision is more suitable for judging cuteness, in Experiment 1, we confirmed that beauty is detectable in both central and peripheral vision. Judging cuteness is more difficult in peripheral vision, especially for male participants. That said, this was not relevant since we used grayscale images, another important feature of peripheral vision was the weaker response to color. Generally, significant rank correlations between Experiment 1 and Experiment 2 were found for judging both beauty and cuteness regardless of the participant’s gender. With all that said … It’s hard to say that the difference of stimulus presentation affects the judgments. Difficulty in judging cuteness in peripheral vision and the related gender difference can not be explained by the image properties. Known the procedural difference of presentation method between Experiment 1 and 2 might affect the results. The difference between beauty and cuteness found in this study, accordingly, indicates that beauty and cuteness judgment should rely on different features and that cuteness relies on features that are not accessible in peripheral vision.
Indicating that the Japanese participants did not completely confuse the two aspects. Whereas that of beauty was not. Normally, the possible reasons for this gender difference are as follows. There was actually a slight tendency in which the males were better at judging beauty at 10 ° eccentricities than the females, and this was statistically supported by the difference in accuracy rates between 5 ° and 10 °.
These sets of information quite easy hypothesis that cuteness depends on higher spatial frequency information more than beauty could be rejected. No gender difference was found. Did you hear of something like that before? In Experiment 2, we showed that this difficulty in judging cuteness did not vary with the extent of blurred faces at every eccentricity. On p of that, no difference should have been observed between beauty and cuteness if the participants had relied upon the similar accessible arrangement of facial features since the high beauty faces were almost identical to the ‘high cuteness’ ones. A well-known fact that is. Beauty was detectable in peripheral vision as well as in a central vision, regardless of the participant’s gender.
In this study, the ‘high beauty’ and the high cuteness groups consisted of almost identical facial images, that suggest that beauty and cuteness were combined by the Japanese participants to some extent.
We used only female faces, that might have led to the asymmetric results. Averted attention may cause careless behaviors of the caregiver. This assumption is supported by the finding that cuteness can improve the performance of certain tasks that need attention. Beauty reflects averageness and symmetry.